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State Pollution Control Committee


CTE- CONSENT TO ESTABLISH – Every business establishment has to obtain consent from State Pollution Control Board to establish the business. Consent to establish (CTE) is valid for 1 year. Prior to establishment of any industry, project or activity, the project proponent requires consent to establish under the provisions of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

Normally, the State Board will issue consent to establish for a period of 3/ 5 years. In case, the project proponent requires extension in validity, then a request for the same should be made at least four months before the expiry of validity of consent to establish along with reasons for the same.

CTO- CONSENT TO OPERATE After obtaining CTE, business establishment has to obtain consent to operate (CTO) from State Pollution Control Board to Operate / run the business. Consent to Operate (CTO) is valid for 5 year.

Prior to commencement of operation of any industry, project or activity, the project proponent requires consent to operate under the provisions of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974 and Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.

Normally, the State Board will issue consent to operate for a period of 5,10 and 15 years in case of red, orange and green category respectively.

Composting Machine,

Municipal Corporation

Health License – A Health trade license is the license issued by the Municipal Corporation. It acts as a permit to run a business or trade in goods and services that are directly related to the health of the general public. In India, before starting any trade that deals in goods and services that affects the Consumer’s health at large shall compulsorily obtain a Health License.

A Health trade License must be obtained by the businessperson before the commencement of business. This license helps in ensuring that the health of the public making use of the various goods and services is taken care of. This license undertakes that the hygiene and safety norms are being followed.

Trade License – Trade License is a certificate through which an entity is permitted or allowed to open the business and commence a particular trade in a particular area. Through Trade License, State Government regulates the operation of the specific business from a particular locality. It regulates and ensures there is no harm to the living or the health of citizens through activities carried out in the course of trade.

Trade License is issued with standards, safety guidelines, and relevant laws to ensure how business is being done and to protect the community within the state. Trade License is monitored and issued by the State Government for regulating trade and business within the city.

Factory License – To protect the workers and to ensure that the owner is providing a healthy environment, the government has introduced the Factory Act, 1948. As per the Factory Act 1948, every factory owner must register their premises with the local authorities before commencing their business. Factory License acts as a document of approval given by authorities to carry out manufacturing activities. The Department of Factories and Boilers issues Factory License. It is the duty of the Factories and Boilers Department to keep a check on the health, safety, and welfare of workers.

Also, a factory registering under the Factories Act,1948 must obtain its building plan approval from the labor and employment department before covering themselves for a factory registration.



To protect Fire prevention, NOC is issued by the Indian Fire Department. The NOC is issued after verifying and examining the premise’s fire assistance and the mechanism used for fire safety. The process used shall meet all the fire safety standards and guidelines issued by the Bureau of Indian Standards.

Once the inspection is done and the authority finds that the standards used are as per the expectation, it issues a NOC for the building (Commercial or Residential) of the Applicant. The NOC is issued by the respective state ‘Fire Service Department’ which performs a similar function.

However, the guidelines and procedures of issuing NOC differ from state to state. Multi-plex buildings of more than 15 meters in height shall get Fire NOC on a compulsory basis from respective state fire services.

Food Safety and Standards Authority of India

The FSSAI license, also known as the Food License is one of the most important licenses required to open a restaurant. It is obtained from the FSSAI (Food Safety and Standard Authority of India).
This restaurant license is not merely a license, on the contrary, it also serves as an approval by the authority and ensures the customers that the food of that particular restaurant affirms to the food safety standards of India. It is necessarily a unique 14-digit registration number that is given to manufacturers, traders, and restaurants. It is mandatory to print it on all food packages.

It is essential for food business operators like manufacturers, traders, and food store owners to obtain the Basic FSSAI Registration. Furthermore, there are two types of food licenses depending on the size or scale of the food business, namely, FSSAI License and Basic FSSAI Registration.

Eating Establishment

The Licensing Unit Delhi Police is an ISO 9001:2008 certified organisation that deals with the licensing of – Arms , Explosives , Hotels , Restaurants , Cinema , Press , Auditoriums , Amusement Parks , Performance Licenses etc..

Liquor Licence


Overview – A liquor license is a permit that allows the holder to manufacture, sell or serve alcoholic beverages in a particular location. It is mandatory for businesses in India that intend to sell alcohol for consumption on their premises. Each state in India has its own laws and regulations governing the issuance of liquor licenses.

Liquor licensing laws in India are governed by the Excise Acts of the respective states and Union Territories. These laws outline the procedures and rules for obtaining a liquor license and carrying out liquor-related activities in a particular area.

Types of Liquor Licenses in India

In India, there are various types of liquor licenses issued by the respective state or Union Territory governments. Some of these licenses are:

  • Retail License: A retail license allows the holder to sell liquor to customers at retail outlets such as bars, lounges, hotels, restaurants, and other establishments.
  • Wholesale License: A wholesale license allows the holder to sell liquor to retail license holders such as bars, hotels, and restaurants.
  • Manufacturing License: A manufacturing license allows the holder to manufacture alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, and spirits.
  • Club License: A club license permits an establishment to serve alcoholic beverages to its members only.

Obtain a Liquor License in India

To apply for a liquor license in India, an individual or entity needs to follow the state-specific procedures and laws. In general, the following steps are involved in obtaining a liquor license in India:

  • Obtain an application from the Excise Department of the respective state or Union Territory.
  • Submit the application along with the necessary documents, such as identity proof, address proof, and business registration certificate.
  • Pay the requisite fees and deposits.
  • Wait for the issuance of the license. The time taken for the processing of the license varies from state to state.

Benefits of obtaining a Liquor License:

There a lot of benefits of obtaining a liquor license. A Few of them are mentioned below-

  • Provides a proper fine dine experience to their customers.
  • Restaurant or Hotel can sell the alcohol legally.
  • Having a Liquor license enhances the sitting component of the restaurant.
  • A restaurant with a Liquor license can offer more variety of drinks to its patrons.
  • Enhance better access to market opportunities.

Important Legal References to Liquor License in India

  1. The Indian Constitution: Article 47 of the Indian Constitution lays down that the state shall Endeavour to bring about prohibition of the consumption of intoxicating drinks and drugs.
  1. Excise Acts of Different States and Union Territories: The Excise Acts of the respective states and Union Territories outline the procedures and rules for obtaining and carrying out liquor-related activities in a particular area.
  1. The Delhi Excise Act, 2009: The Act regulates the sale, purchase, and consumption of liquor in Delhi.
  1. The Bombay Prohibition (Gujarat Amendment) Act, 2009: The Act prohibits the manufacture, sale or purchase, and consumption of alcohol in Gujarat.
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